Common types of hyperpigmentation
Freckles: It’s the most common type of pigmentation which starts to appear after repeated sun exposure and can be the first visible sign of sun damage. Your genetics can also play part in whether you are more prone to freckles appearing and is more common in those with fairer skin colour. It appears to be more prominent in the warmer and sunnier months and can fade in the colder moths.
Solar Lentigines: Liver spots, sun spots or age spots caused by exposure to the sun. They appear to be wart-like growths that are light brown to black in colour. It can appear anywhere on body and are usually benign but should be monitored as they have the potential to turn into skin cancer or melanoma.
Melasma: The same as Chloasma but the term chloasma is referred to when this condition happens in pregnant women, often called the ‘pregnancy mask’. Triggered by hormonal changes, the condition affects a lot deeper into the skins dermis and is more common in women than men. They appear as large tan or brown patches on the face without a distinct border. Worsens with sun exposure, certain medications, stress and pregnancy.
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation: Appears after physical trauma to the skin. Often the result of acne scars, burns, friction or clinical treatments like chemical peels, laser, IPL. It can improve over time with appropriate skincare and treatments.
Treatment options for hyperpigmentation include chemical peels, laser/IPL and Skin needling. Laser and light treatments can reduce and sometimes cure hyperpigmentation but a disciplined home care regime using high quality active products recommended by your skin specialist will go hand in hand with a facial treatment plan will give the best, long lasting results. And of course we can’t forget the most important product, an SPF 30-50+ after your moisturiser every morning!